- "AK-200" redirects here. For the AK-200 series of rifles introduced by Kalashnikov Concern, see AK-200 series.
The AK-12 (Russian: АК-12, Автомат Калашникова - 2012 год, lit. "Kalashnikov Assault rifle 2012"), GRAU index 6P70, is a Russian assault rifle and is the newest derivative of AK pattern-rifles produced by the Kalashnikov Concern. It has been proposed to the military to be the new service rifle of the Russian military, along with potentially replacing other older AK-pattern designs in use with various military forces around the world.
In 2010, a statement was issued by the Russian Defense Ministry that this rifle was to be trialed in 2011. A working prototype of the AK-12 was shown to Russian President Vladimir Putin on his visit to the Kalashnikov Concern that same year.
The AK-12 project was started by 2011 as a private venture in an attempt to participate in the “Ratnik” trials held by the Russian military. Throughout its development, the AK-12 has received various modifications and changes to meet the standards of the Russian military, and to address various issues as seen with earlier prototypes.
The weapon competed with the A-545, a modernized AEK-971, in various trials. In late 2014, the Russian Military announced that both the AK-12 and A-545 had passed state tests and would be slowly drafted into operational service trials some time in 2015.
An almost finalized version of the AK-12 was shown off in September 2016, along with a few variants: the AK-15 chambered for 7.62×39mm, and the RPK-16, a squad automatic weapon variant of the AK-12 meant to fill a similar niche the RPK did back when the AK-74 was first manufactured.
Testing of the AK-12 concluded in December 2017, with the weapon being adopted by the Russian Army in January 2018. The AK-12 is currently being evaluated for export and civilian models are currently being produced; the Armenian Ministry of Defense has managed to secure rights to locally manufacture the AK-12 and 15 as of August 2018, most likely by Garni-ler.
The more famous pre-production AK-12, formerly known as the AK-200, has a very similar operation to most Kalashnikovs, but is very heavily modernized when compared to other rifles in its family, such as its controls being completely ambidextrous and the ability to switch calibers by just changing its barrel. Along with various other accessory rails attached to the AK-12, it is able to accept a wide variety of calibers, from 7.62×39mm to 5.56×45mm NATO, is able to fit a GP-34 grenade launcher underneath the barrel and can also accept rifle grenades due to threading on the muzzle brake.
The production AK-12 is radically different when compared to the prototype, with various features such as the ambidextrous charging handle removed. While the AK-12 is still a Kalashnikov design, it unarguably shares more in common with older AK designs than the prototype, but it is claimed that this production version of the AK-12 is not a retrofitted AK-74 or something of the like. The production AK-12 also has the ability to fit an underbarrel grenade launcher to the bottom rail.
Both the pre-production and production AK-12 have a four-position selector switch. The pre-production AK-12 has four settings for safe, semi-automatic, three-round burst and fully automatic; the production AK-12 has the same settings, except that the three-round burst setting was replaced by a two-round burst setting.
This was the very first prototype of the AK-12. AK-200 was the initial designation for the AK-12 up until January 2012, when most details of the weapon were still shrouded in secrecy. According to the rather few photos of the AK-200 available, it resembles a heavily modernized AK-74, AK-101 or AK-103 fitted with various Picatinny rails. The name was changed to AK-12 some time in 2012; the name AK-200 is currently used on a similar set of rifles manufactured by the Kalashnikov Concern.
This prototype of the AK-12 is unarguably the most well known and one of the most refined versions of the AK rifle family. This version of the AK-12 had completely ambidextrous controls, including a four-point fire selector, ambidextrous charging handle and a heel magazine release among other features. The AK-12 has an telescoping buttstock meant for better recoil control; on top of the buttstock is an adjustable cheekrest. The AK-12 accepts various types of magazines from the AK family of rifles. While praised by Russian President Vladimir Putin, the AK-12 was ultimately not adopted in this form due to the massive stockpile of AK-74s.
This was supposed to be a shotgun version of the AK-12 chambered for 12 gauge that was to be produced for the civilian market. The weapon was announced in 2013, but never entered production.
This unnamed prototype of the AK-12 was supposed to be a semi-automatic version of the AK-12 chambered for .223 Remington that was to be produced for the civilian market. The weapon was announced in 2013, but never entered production.
The weapon seems to have been catered to be more of a sporting rifle when originally announced.
This is the AK-12 that was used in the Ratnik Trials to compete against the A-545. If one cannot already infer, this prototype AK-12 is extremely different from the one most commonly seen; instead, it resembles a heavily modified AK-pattern rifle, and has most of the innovative features of the more well-known AK-12 removed, such as the ambidextrous charging handle. The AK-12 was successful in these trials, and fired 9000 rounds without failing.
This is the updated AK-12 that was shown off in 2017 (the nearly identical 2016 version had a different color scheme). It is quite clearly seen that the production AK-12 is very different from the pre-production samples shown off a few years back; this is due to this production AK-12 being based on a rather unknown and obscure prototype, the AK-400. It is also quite clearly seen that the AK-12 very much resembles older AK-patterned rifles, although the Kalashnikov Concern denies that the production AK-12 is a retrofitted AK-74. The production AK-12 has various Picatinny rails scattered across the weapon for mounting optics, foregrips and other accessories.
Planned to replace the AK-103, the AK-15 is an AK-12 chambered for the 7.62×39mm cartridge that was very famously used by the AK-47. Despite the similar names, the AK-15 is in no way related to the Saiga Mk-107, also called the AK-15 by some sources, despite both being of a Kalashnikov design.
This squad automatic weapon variant of the AK-12 is meant to fill the niche that the well-known RPK filled back when it was introduced. Interestingly enough, the RPK-16 is a modernization of the well-known RPK. The RPK-16 uses an all-new 95-round detachable drum magazine; most AK drum magazines usually had a capacity of 75 rounds. Chambered in 5.45×39mm, the RPK-16 is operationally also very similar to its smaller brothers.
- The AK-12 was the very last weapon that Mikhail Kalashnikov designed.
- Putin praises new Kalashnikov assault rifle—Voice of Russia
- Putin shown up-to-date Kalashnikov assault rifles—RIA Novosti
- Оружейникам придется перевооружаться
- Modern Firearms Page
- Kalashnikov 5: Brand-new AK-12 rifle unveiled
- Kalashnikov AK-12 rifle information
- Kalashnikov Concern discontinues the old AK-12 (Prototype Variants) and replaced them with new AK-12 Model (Final Production Variants)