The DShK 1938 (ДШК, for Дегтярёва-Шпагина Крупнокалиберный, Degtyaryova-Shpagina Krupnokaliberny, Degtyaryov-Shpagin high-caliber in English), colloquially known as the Dashka or Dushka, is a Soviet heavy machine gun which uses the 12.7x108mm cartridge. It has been used since World War II, and has been used by many other countries ever since.


Requirements for a heavy machine gun appeared in 1929; the first weapon of its type was the DK machine gun designed by Vasily Degtyaryov; it performed poorly, with a paltry magazine size of only 30 rounds in a drum magazine and a low rate of fire. Georgy Shpagin later implemented a belt mount for the DK, and thus, the DShK was born. It, like its American equivalent, the M2 Browning, was used in a wide variety of roles, and mounted on many different mounts suited for different purposes; it was even mounted on tanks and self-propelled guns. Occasionally, it has been mounted on wheeled mounts, similar to the older PM M1910. In 1946, a newer variant of the weapon, the DShKM, was introduced. In terms of use in the Russian army, the DShK has mostly been phased out and replaced by the more modern NSV and KORD machine guns.

Design historyEdit

The DShK is based on the older DK machine gun. The weapon is gas-operated, with reload flaps actuating the action. The weapon is put into battery by pulling a massive charging handle located at the bottom of the weapon. The weapon is fed by massive disintegrating 50-round metal belts.


The DShK has been used frequently by mostly third-world countries in wars due to its massive stopping power, due to its large caliber round. The weapon was purported to have destroyed 40 cars in a day during the Syrian Civil War in 2012, and had also caused a helicopter to crash-land during The Troubles in Norther Ireland in 1987 after fifteen shots from two DShKs hit the helicopter.

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