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De Bange 90mm

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The de Bange 90mm replaced its successors (the [[Reffye 75mm Cannon]] and [[Lahitolle 95mm Cannon]]) largely due to its new [[Breech|breech loading]] mechansim, designed by de Bange. This mechanism featured a complete seal, a feat that older designs were incapable of achieving, thanks to the mushroom shaped obturator (a ring shaped greased aspestos pad that sealed the rear of the breech, preventing gas leakage). This design had been inspired by the [[Chassepot rifle]], also of french origin.
 
The de Bange 90mm replaced its successors (the [[Reffye 75mm Cannon]] and [[Lahitolle 95mm Cannon]]) largely due to its new [[Breech|breech loading]] mechansim, designed by de Bange. This mechanism featured a complete seal, a feat that older designs were incapable of achieving, thanks to the mushroom shaped obturator (a ring shaped greased aspestos pad that sealed the rear of the breech, preventing gas leakage). This design had been inspired by the [[Chassepot rifle]], also of french origin.
   
The [[barrel]] was made from steel as was the breech loading mechanism and the majority of the carriage. The obturator was made of asbestos as it was effective at blocking heat and resistant to pressure. The overall weight of the de Bange 90mm was in excess of 930 lb (420 kg) which was heavier than the equivalent British guns of the time and reduced the overall use of the de Bange 90mm, mainly as it required a larger team of horses (and later more powerful Artillery tractors) to pull the de Bange across the battlefield
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The [[barrel]] was made from steel as was the breech loading mechanism and the majority of the carriage. The obturator was made of asbestos as it was effective at blocking heat and resistant to pressure. The overall weight of the de Bange 90mm was in excess of 930lb (420kg) which was heavier than the equivalent British guns of the time and reduced the overall use of the de Bange 90mm, mainly as it required a larger team of horses (and later more powerful Artillery tractors) to pull the de Bange across the battlefield
   
 
The major issue with the de Bange 90mm was the fact that it lacked an [[Recoil|anti-recoil system]], meaning that the de Bange would have to be dragged back to its original position before it could be fired. The anti-recoil mechanism would take a few more years to come to the fore, emerging in most [[Field Gun]] designs in the 1890's.
 
The major issue with the de Bange 90mm was the fact that it lacked an [[Recoil|anti-recoil system]], meaning that the de Bange would have to be dragged back to its original position before it could be fired. The anti-recoil mechanism would take a few more years to come to the fore, emerging in most [[Field Gun]] designs in the 1890's.
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==Ammunition==
 
==Ammunition==
   
The de Bange 90mm fired a 3.5in [[caliber]] (90mm), 10.8 lb [[shell]]. This was the standard shell of the French Artillery until the [[Cannon de 75]] (1897) which benefitted from the beginning of the use of cordite in shells, allowing for a greater achieveable [[muzzle velocity]] while firing a lighter shell.
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The de Bange 90mm fired a 3.5in [[caliber]] (90mm), 10.8lb [[shell]]. This was the standard shell of the French Artillery until the [[Cannon de 75]] (1897) which benefitted from the beginning of the use of cordite in shells, allowing for a greater achieveable [[muzzle velocity]] while firing a lighter shell.
   
 
==Usage==
 
==Usage==
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*http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/De_Bange_90mm_cannon
 
*http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/De_Bange_90mm_cannon
 
*http://books.google.co.uk/books?ct=result&id=4M_Q6vWMshgC&dq=%22de+Bange%22+90&ots=5gwHZv2Csz&pg=RA1-PA245&lpg=RA1-PA245&sig=ACfU3U1llT8uCoJ0dD3tO_9TnQPqqsXtmg&q=De+Bange&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=De%20Bange&f=false
 
*http://books.google.co.uk/books?ct=result&id=4M_Q6vWMshgC&dq=%22de+Bange%22+90&ots=5gwHZv2Csz&pg=RA1-PA245&lpg=RA1-PA245&sig=ACfU3U1llT8uCoJ0dD3tO_9TnQPqqsXtmg&q=De+Bange&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=De%20Bange&f=false
[[Category:Field guns]]
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[[Category:Field Gun]]
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