The GM-93/94 (Гранатомет Магазинный образца 1994 Granatomet Magazinnyy obraztsa 1994, lit. "magazine-fed grenade launcher, model of 1994") is a pump-action grenade launcher designed and manufactured by KBP Instrument Design Bureau developed for the use by Russian Special forces and Security forces.

History[edit | edit source]

The GM-94 was developed in 1993 as a means to provide fire support to infantry in close and confined areas. A whole series of 43mm grenades were developed specifically for the launcher with its introduction. The weapon was designed to arm the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs.

Design details[edit | edit source]

The GM-94 is a pump-action grenade launcher with reverse pump action (forward to back), similar to the Neostead shotgun. The mechanism is said to be based on KBP's RMB-93 shotgun, which is also a reverse-pump type and shares the GM-94's use of a magazine tube above rather than below the barrel. Grenades are loaded through a flip-up trapdoor located at the top of the receiver.

Ammunition[edit | edit source]

The GM-94 uses a whole variety of proprietary 43×30mm grenades; these grenades were developed specifically for use with the launcher, with the GM-94 being the only weapon to fire these grenades.[1]

References[edit | edit source]

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