- Not to be confused with IMI Galil.
The Gal rifle is a prototype Israeli assault rifle.
The Gal rifle was designed by Uziel Gal as a potential contender for a new Israeli service rifle, competing against Yisrael Galil's Balashnikov. However, Gal's design was rejected as it was deemed overly complex.
Gal's design was designed as a "clean sheet" design, with Gal borrowing parts from other existing designs which he felt were the best. The Gal used a cutoff gas expanding system, with a rotating bolt equipped with five locking lugs. The bolt was also equipped with a rather interesting pre-engagement mechanism which helped to reduce friction on feeding, as well as having chamfered locking lugs, which were included to "provide extra room for dirt and grime".
The weapon's upper receiver was made of stamped sheet steel, and has, unusually, a quick-detach barrel. The weapon's gas piston heavily resembles that of a M14's gas piston; in fact, older rifles were fitted with modified M14 gas pistons. What is also rather interesting is that the cross section of the weapon's gas piston is that of a triangle, which provides excellent resistance to deformation. The rifle uses proprietary 30-round box magazines regardless of caliber.
Two prototypes were made: one in 5.56×45mm NATO and another in 7.62×51mm NATO. One can be differentiated from the other by the shape of their box magazine; the 5.56×45mm NATO version uses an AK-style curved box magazine, while the 7.62×51mm NATO version uses a straight magazine.