Georg Johann Luger was an Austrian firearms designer.
Born the son of a surgeon in Steinach am Brenner, Luger moved to Padua with his family at a young age. He was sent to Vienna after finishing his secondary education and volunteered for military service as a reserve cadet. In the Army, Luger was noted as being an excellent sharpshooter, which caught the attention of his commanding officers; they subsequently sent him to a military firearms school at Camp Bruckneudorf, which is where his interest in arms began.
After leaving the military, Luger also worked as an accountant and met Ferdinand Mannlicher, with whom he would collaborate with on a number of firearms-related projects. In 1891, Luger would be employed by Ludwig Loewe & Co., and was sent to demonstrate a Hugo Borchardt-designed pistol to the Swiss and U.S. armies, which was ultimately rejected. Based on criticism and Borchardt's vehement resistance to improving or changing the design, Luger took it upon himself to improve his design, creating the Parabellum-Pistole, which would become highly successful. He would also secure a contract with Deutsche Waffen- und Munitionsfabriken AG.
His contract with DWM was canceled in 1919, with Luger suing them for patent royalty infringements. The jury ultimately decided that the case was in Luger's favor in 1923, but at this stage Luger had little savings left to continue any legal proceedings. He died late in December in 1923.
Luger is most well known for the design of the Parabellum-Pistole, better known as the Luger.