George John Hyde Sr.[1] (born Heide) was a German-born American firearms designer. Active in the 1930s and 1940s, Hyde was known for the design of the wartime M3 submachine gun.

History[edit | edit source]

Born in Germany to German parents, Heide was noted as being a skilled machinist in his youth. Heide emigrated to the United States in 1927, with the rest of his family following suit the next year. He changed his name to Hyde at some point later.

Hyde was first a machinist and foreman at Griffin & Howe. He later worked for General Motors, where he became an employee for the Guide Lamp division and designed the M3 submachine gun with Fred Sampson and René Studler. After this stint at Guide Lamp, Hyde moved to become the chief designer at the Inland Division of General Motors.

After working at General Motors, Hyde worked for Bendix Aviation for a time, designing the Hyde-Bendix carbine;[2] the weapon never went into production.[3] Hyde developed another carbine in 1944, but was also unsuccessful.[4]

Hyde's last known patent was in 1946, which was worked on by him and Sampson;[5] he died in December 1963 at the Adelphi Hospital in Brooklyn, New York.[6]

Works[edit | edit source]

Hyde was most known for his work on the M3 submachine gun, M33 Hyde, M2 Hyde and various other carbines such as the Hyde-Bendix and Hyde M1944.

References[edit | edit source]

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