The Miniature Maxim was a machine gun designed by Hiram Maxim. Chambered for pistol cartridges, the Miniature Maxim is sometimes considered a precursor to the submachine gun.


The Miniature Maxim was developed by Maxim in the 1890s. It was a scaled-down version of the Maxim-Nordenfelt Model 1895, intended to be used for demonstration purposes. Only one was ever made and it was possessed by Maxim himself; he reportedly carried it in a suitcase and exhibited it at marketing events.

Today, the sole example of the Miniature Maxim is housed at the Royal Armouries in Leeds, UK.


The Miniature Maxim was a recoil-operated, air-cooled machine gun. It was internally and externally patterned after earlier Model 1895, miniaturized to facilitate for the 7.63×25mm chambering. It was fed from a belt. The cocking handle was located on the right side of the receiver and the barrel was air-cooled by a series of vents on the underside of the barrel jacket.

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