The Mondragón M1893 and the related M1894 are Mexican bolt-action rifles.
History[edit | edit source]
The rifle was developed in the 1880s to 1890s by Manuel Mondragón, who was staying in Belgium at the time. Patents for the rifle were filed and granted in 1892, with Mondragón seeking to have his rifle produced. However, manufacturers in Mexico lacked the required equipment to manufacture such a firearm to the stated tolerances, and so he entrusted the help of SIG to produce the weapon.
Two orders for the rifle were received by SIG in 1893 and 1894. A total of 250 weapons were produced; 50 weapons in 1893 and 200 in 1894. Mondragón would later go to develop a self-loading rifle in 1904.
Design Details[edit | edit source]
Both variants of the rifle were straight-pull bolt-action rifles, however, the rifles had some notable features. The rifle's bolt is extremely similar to that of an AR-15 or a Johnson rifle, with two sets of six locking lugs arranged radially. Both versions of the rifles took Mannlicher-style en bloc clips which ejected out the bottom when the rifle was empty.
The most notable feature of the rifle, however, was the presence of a three-position selector switch; the selector switch's settings are safe (A), fire (L) and rapid fire (R). When set to fire, the weapon behaves like a normal bolt action rifle; however, if the switch is set to rapid fire, the trigger is disabled and the firing pin will be automatically released when bolt is fully closed, requiring the shooter to only run the bolt back and forth to fire the weapon. This allowed for a very high rate of fire for the time without the need for a self-loading mechanism.
There are a variety of small variants between each of the rifles, such as different bolt handles, different markings and different sights among other things.