The Mossberg Brownie was an American pocket pistol designed by Oscar Mossberg in 1905 and produced by O.F. Mossberg & Sons from 1920 to 1932. The Brownie was Mossberg's first product after the company was started by Oscar Mossberg and his sons in 1919.
History[edit | edit source]
The developmental roots of the pistol can be traced back to 1906, where Oscar Mossberg, a Swedish immigrant, would patent a design for a compact four-barrel striker-fired pistol. The patent rights were sold to the C.S. Shattuck company of Hatfield, where it was produced as the Shattuck Unique.
Shattuck's company would eventually go bust in 1915, with the rights for the patent going back to Mossberg. Mossberg would work with a number of companies afterwards and was left unemployed when Marlin-Rockwell went bankrupt in 1919. At this stage, Mossberg and his two sons, Harold and Iver, started their own company; having started a new company, Mossberg needed to sell something that would be easy to manufacture and quick to turn a profit.
With the patent for his pistol having been reverted to him, Mossberg reworked his pistol design to fire the longer .22 Long Rifle cartridge and did a number of other modifications before patenting it in 1919 and christening it the Brownie. The pistol went on sale in 1920, retailing for $5 and marketed as a cheap compact pistol "to finish trapped animals"; with it being more compact than Colt or Browning Arms Company offerings and having double the firepower than that of the traditional derringer at the time, the weapon found a niche market and sold fairly well.
Production of the pistol ended in 1932 with some 33,000 to 37,000 produced. After production of the Brownie ended, Mossberg switched to producing shotguns; they would not produce another pistol until 2019, with the introduction of the MC1sc.
Design Details[edit | edit source]
The Brownie is a simple and compact four-barrel break-open pistol. The weapon is double-action only. The pistol has a rotating striker.
Ammunition[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]