The Mossberg Brownie was an American pocket pistol designed by Oscar Mossberg in 1905 and produced by O.F. Mossberg & Sons from 1920 to 1932. The Brownie was Mossberg's first product after the company was started by Oscar Mossberg and his sons in 1919.

History[edit | edit source]

The developmental roots of the pistol can be traced back to 1906, where Oscar Mossberg, a Swedish immigrant, would patent a design for a compact four-barrel striker-fired pistol. The patent rights were sold to the C.S. Shattuck company of Hatfield, where it was produced as the Shattuck Unique.[1]

Shattuck's company would eventually go bust in 1915, with the rights for the patent going back to Mossberg. Mossberg would work with a number of companies afterwards and was left unemployed when Marlin-Rockwell went bankrupt in 1919. At this stage, Mossberg and his two sons, Harold and Iver, started their own company; having started a new company, Mossberg needed to sell something that would be easy to manufacture and quick to turn a profit.[2]

With the patent for his pistol having been reverted to him, Mossberg reworked his pistol design to fire the longer .22 Long Rifle cartridge and did a number of other modifications before patenting it in 1919[3] and christening it the Brownie. The pistol went on sale in 1920, retailing for $5 and marketed as a cheap compact pistol "to finish trapped animals"; with it being more compact than Colt or Browning Arms Company offerings and having double the firepower than that of the traditional derringer at the time, the weapon found a niche market and sold fairly well.[2]

Production of the pistol ended in 1932 with some 33,000 to 37,000 produced. After production of the Brownie ended, Mossberg switched to producing shotguns;[2] they would not produce another pistol until 2019, with the introduction of the MC1sc.[4]

Design Details[edit | edit source]

The Brownie is a simple and compact four-barrel break-open pistol. The weapon is double-action only. The pistol has a rotating striker.

Ammunition[edit | edit source]

The pistol is able to fire .22 Short, .22 Long and .22 Long Rifle ammunition.[2]

References[edit | edit source]

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