Gun Wiki
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{{cannon
 
{{cannon
|name= Reffye 75mm
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|name= Reffye 75mm
|image= [[File:Reffye_75mm_Cannon.jpg|300px|]]
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|image= [[File:Reffye_75mm_Cannon.jpg|300px|]]
|origin= France
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|origin= France
|manufact= Meudon, France
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|manufact= Meudon, France
|maker= Artillery Gen. Jean-Baptiste Verchere de Reffye
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|maker= Artillery Gen. Jean-Baptiste Verchere de Reffye
|design= 1870-72
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|design= 1870-72
|birth= 1872
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|birth= 1872
|death= 1877
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|death= 1877
|type= [[Field Gun]]
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|type= [[Field Gun]]
|calibershell= 2.95in (75mm) / 10.8lb (4.9kg) [[shell]]
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|calibershell= 2.95in (75mm) / 10.8lb (4.9kg) [[shell]]
|barrel= 78.7in (2.0m)
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|barrel= 78.7in (2.0m)
|borelen=
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|borelen=
|weight= 1050lb (475kg)
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|weight= 1050lb (475kg)
|carriage= Wheeled
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|carriage= Wheeled
|ratefire=
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|ratefire=
|muzzlevelocity=
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|muzzlevelocity=
|range=
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|range=
|crew=
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|crew=
|service= 1873 - 1897
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|service= 1873 - 1897
|usedby= France
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|usedby= France
|nobuilt=}}
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|nobuilt=}}
 
The''' Reffye 75mm''' was a French [[Field Gun|Field gun]] developed in the 1870's by Artillery General Jean-Baptiste Verchere de Reffye. The ''Reffye 75mm'' fired a 10.8lb (4.9kg) [[shell]], making it the equivalent to the British 12lbers, such as the [[Armstrong Breech Loading 12 pounder 8 cwt|Armstrong BL 12lber]].
 
The''' Reffye 75mm''' was a French [[Field Gun|Field gun]] developed in the 1870's by Artillery General Jean-Baptiste Verchere de Reffye. The ''Reffye 75mm'' fired a 10.8lb (4.9kg) [[shell]], making it the equivalent to the British 12lbers, such as the [[Armstrong Breech Loading 12 pounder 8 cwt|Armstrong BL 12lber]].
 
==Design Details==
 
==Design Details==
 
The ''Reffye 75mm'' was designed with a [[Breech|breech loading ]] mechanism, which was very complex for its time. This mechainsm consisted of a sliding breech block combined with a interrupted screw to lock the breech. In early examples the screw was made of bronze in an ill-fated attempt to produce an air tight seal. This would later be achieved with the invention of the de Bange obturator.
 
The ''Reffye 75mm'' was designed with a [[Breech|breech loading ]] mechanism, which was very complex for its time. This mechainsm consisted of a sliding breech block combined with a interrupted screw to lock the breech. In early examples the screw was made of bronze in an ill-fated attempt to produce an air tight seal. This would later be achieved with the invention of the de Bange obturator.
   
The carriage of the ''Reffye 75mm'' was a simple wheeled frame with a small tail to allow the ''Reffye ''to be rested on the ground. The ''Reffye 75mm'' would later be replaced by the more powerful [[De Bange 90mm Cannon|de Bange 90mm cannon]] which had the benefit of firing a more powerful shell whilst being of a lighter weight.
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The carriage of the ''Reffye 75mm'' was a simple wheeled frame with a small tail to allow the ''Reffye ''to be rested on the ground. The ''Reffye 75mm'' would later be replaced by the more powerful [[De Bange 90mm|de Bange 90mm]] which had the benefit of firing a more powerful shell whilst being of a lighter weight.
 
==Ammunition==
 
==Ammunition==
 
The ''Reffye 75mm'' was manufactured to fire France's equivalent to the British 12lb [[shell]]. This shell actually weighed 10.8lb (4.9kg) which meant that the ''Reffye 75mm'' would fire at higher [[Muzzle velocity|muzzle velocities]] than the equivalent British guns but was less powerful and had a reduced range.
 
The ''Reffye 75mm'' was manufactured to fire France's equivalent to the British 12lb [[shell]]. This shell actually weighed 10.8lb (4.9kg) which meant that the ''Reffye 75mm'' would fire at higher [[Muzzle velocity|muzzle velocities]] than the equivalent British guns but was less powerful and had a reduced range.
 
==Usage==
 
==Usage==
The ''Reffye 75mm'' would only last a few years of military service, although its use can be traced to the 1890's. The ''Reffye 75mm'' would be replaced during its service, in large numbers, by the ''Lahitolle 95mm cannon'' (1875) and the [[De Bange 90mm Cannon|de Bange 90mm cannon]] (1877).
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The ''Reffye 75mm'' would only last a few years of military service, although its use can be traced to the 1890's. The ''Reffye 75mm'' would be replaced during its service, in large numbers, by the ''Lahitolle 95mm cannon'' (1875) and the [[De Bange 90mm|de Bange 90mm]] (1877).
   
The Reffye 75mm would inspire the design of the ''Mitrailleuse'' (although the extent of which is debatable) which was  among the first successful machine gun designs.
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The ''Reffye 75mm'' would inspire the design of the ''Mitrailleuse'' (although the extent of which is debatable) which was  among the first successful machine gun designs.
 
[[Category:Field Gun]]
 
[[Category:Field Gun]]

Revision as of 12:33, 9 June 2013



The Reffye 75mm was a French Field gun developed in the 1870's by Artillery General Jean-Baptiste Verchere de Reffye. The Reffye 75mm fired a 10.8lb (4.9kg) shell, making it the equivalent to the British 12lbers, such as the Armstrong BL 12lber.

Design Details

The Reffye 75mm was designed with a breech loading mechanism, which was very complex for its time. This mechainsm consisted of a sliding breech block combined with a interrupted screw to lock the breech. In early examples the screw was made of bronze in an ill-fated attempt to produce an air tight seal. This would later be achieved with the invention of the de Bange obturator.

The carriage of the Reffye 75mm was a simple wheeled frame with a small tail to allow the Reffye to be rested on the ground. The Reffye 75mm would later be replaced by the more powerful de Bange 90mm which had the benefit of firing a more powerful shell whilst being of a lighter weight.

Ammunition

The Reffye 75mm was manufactured to fire France's equivalent to the British 12lb shell. This shell actually weighed 10.8lb (4.9kg) which meant that the Reffye 75mm would fire at higher muzzle velocities than the equivalent British guns but was less powerful and had a reduced range.

Usage

The Reffye 75mm would only last a few years of military service, although its use can be traced to the 1890's. The Reffye 75mm would be replaced during its service, in large numbers, by the Lahitolle 95mm cannon (1875) and the de Bange 90mm (1877).

The Reffye 75mm would inspire the design of the Mitrailleuse (although the extent of which is debatable) which was  among the first successful machine gun designs.