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47.4 inches (120 centimetres)

For future reference

7.62×39mm rifles

Kalashnikov AK-47

This AK is chambered for 7.62x39mm. It has a milled receiver, a 45 degree gas block, and no muzzle device; the muzzle threads are protected by a muzzle nut. This rifle features wooden furniture, and does not have a hammer release delay device. It features a 16 inch barrel.

This is the model often incorrectly labeled as AK-47; there is no number denoting the year of manufacture.



File:AKMS.png

Same as the AK, but with a wire underfolder stock.



Type 56
Main article: Type 56 assault rifle

Chinese clone of the AK.



Type58assaultrifle
Main article: Type 58 assault rifle

North Korean clone of the AK.



Kalashnikov AKM

The most produced version, this AK is chambered for 7.62x39mm ammunition. It has a stamped sheet metal receiver which is 1mm thick. It has two dimples, one on each side of the receiver, above the magazine well, that serve as magazine guides. Romanian WASR-10 rifles do not have these indentations (though they are correctly referred to as AKMs when converted to take standard double-stack magazines). Some variants, such as the Yugoslavian Zastava M70, utilize a thicker RPK receiver, rather than the normal 1mm receiver.

AKMs have a 45 degree (slanted) gas block, and the barrel is no longer threaded to the receiver; it is embedded using a 20-ton press and secured with a pin. The barrel assembly has horizontal guide slots to help align and keep the handguards in place. The "spoon" muzzle device is in place to combat the weapon's tendency to climb up and left on full auto. The barrel length for this weapon is 16 inches.

The AKM has a modified trigger assembly, equipped with a hammer-release delaying device (installed on the same axis pin together with the trigger and semi-automatic sear). This device also prevents the weapon from firing out of battery.

The AKM's bolt carrier group is slightly lighter than the AK's bolt carrier group; despite this, the two are completely interchangeable in an AKM rifle.

The wooden stock used in the AKM is further hollowed in order to reduce weight and is different in shape to a small degree.

The AKM uses a modified return spring mechanism, which replaces the single recoil spring guide rod with a dual “U”-shaped wire guide.

The rear sight is adjustable for ranges from 100 to 1000 meters, as opposed to the AK's 100 to 800 meters.



AKMS

Same as the AKM, only with a wire underfolder stock.



AKMSU
Main article: AKMSU

Chopped and shortened version of the AKM. Origin is disputed.



AK-103
This rifle is the 7.62 Soviet variant of the full-size (non-carbine) AK-10X lineup. Unlike the earlier 7.62 AKs, this one has a 90 degree gas block, as well as the other AK-10X upgrades. The AK-103 features an AK-74-style muzzle brake and has a barrel length of 16 inches. This rifle is in service with selected units in the Russian military.

RPK

The RPK is the light machine gun variant of the AK rifle. It comes with a 24-inch heavy barrel and its receiver is stamped sheet metal that is 1.6mm thick, and has an oversized and reinforced rivet holding the front trunnion. These can take either standard 30- or 40-round magazines (the 40-round magazines were standard issue for an RPK gunner, along with one 75-round drum), or 75-round drums. This variant comes in 7.62 Soviet. Production for this weapon began in 1961, and ended in 1978.

Unlike most other weapons in its class, the RPK fires from a closed bolt.



Modernized AK by Kalashnikov USA and Command Arms & Accessories of Israel.[1][2][3]



7.62×39mm carbines

800px-Romanian-Draco-Carbine

The Draco Carbine is a short Romanian 7.62 Soviet carbine variant of the AKM rifle. It features a very short barrel and a wire sidefolder stock. Draco carbines exported to the U.S. have the stock removed and are sold as pistols.



AK-104

This is the shortened, carbine version of the AK-103. It is chambered for 7.62 Soviet, and features a 12 inch barrel and the same muzzle device as the AKS-74U, designed to help the weapon cycle.



5.45×39mm rifles

AK-74 NTW 12 92

This AK is chambered for 5.45x39mm ammunition, and features all the upgrades that were made to the AKM. Early AK-74 rifles featured a 45 degree gas block; these were changed to 90 degrees when bullet shear became an issue for the 5.45mm rounds. This rifle features a front sight assembly that slips over the barrel, and is threaded for muzzle attachments. It has a muzzle brake installed, and features a 16-inch barrel.

As with the WASR-10, the WASR-2 (a Romanian AK-74) does not have the dimples in the receiver over the magazine well.



AKS-74

Same as the AK-74, only with a side-folder wire stock.



RUS AK-74M

The AK-74M is functionally the same rifle as the AK-74; however, the wooden furniture has been upgraded to polymer and the barrel is now cold hammer forged, making it more durable, AK-74M has received a stock, folding to the left. The flash suppressor has been changed too; the new one has open cameras for being able to be cleaned without detaching. The AK-74M also received a side rail, universal for all Russian day/night optics. The rifle is lighter and stronger than its wooden-furniture counterparts. It is the current service rifle of the Russian military.



Rpk74 01

This is the light machine gun variant of the AK rifle, but with the AK-74 upgrades. It is chambered in 5.45x39mm and can take standard AK-74 magazines, 45-round magazines, 60-round magazines, and 100-round drums. Its receiver is stamped sheet metal, 1.6mm thick, and it has a 24-inch heavy barrel. The magazine well and rear trunnion are also reinforced, making for a very strong, very durable receiver.



Rpk74 02

This is the light machine gun variant of the AK rifle, with the AK-74M upgrades, though it is functionally the same as the RPK-74. It is chambered in 5.45x39mm and can take standard AK-74 magazines, 45-round magazines, 60-round magazines, and 100-round drums. The 45-round magazines for this weapon are polymer, like the magazines for the AK-74M. The receiver is stamped sheet metal, 1.6mm thick, and the RPK-74M sports a 24-inch heavy barrel.



Md. 93

The RPKS-74 is a light machine gun designed and manufactured in Romania. It is an RPK clone with a folding wire stock and a four-position fire selector with burst fire compatibility, an unusual aspect for a Kalashnikov variant. Some RPKS-74s were made with scope rails fitted and Bakelite handguards. The RPKS-74 was produced in the early 90s.

5.45×39mm carbines

Aks74u

Carbine version of the AK-74. It features a triangular folding stock and a 8.3-inch barrel with a 1:6.3 twist to better stabilize the 5.45mm projectile from the short barrel.

A new gas block was installed at the muzzle with a new conical flash hider combined with a cylindrical muzzle booster, which features an internal expansion chamber that increases the weapon's reliability by ensuring that the weapon cycles completely upon firing. The booster enhances the recoil impulse by supplying the gas system with residual gases from the barrel. The chrome-lined muzzle booster also burns any remaining propellant, thus reducing the gun's flash signature. The muzzle device locks into the gas block with a spring-loaded detent and features two notches cut into the flash hider cone, used for disassembly using the supplied cleaning rod. The forward sling loop was relocated to the left side of the carbine and the front sight was integrated into the gas block.

The AKS-74U also has a different sighting system, with a U-shaped flip sight instead of the standard sliding notch rear sight. This sight has two settings: "P" (calibrated for firing at 350 m) and "4–5" (used for firing at distances between 400–500 m). The rear sight is housed in a semi-shrouded protective enclosure that is riveted to the receiver's top cover. This top cover is integral with the gas tube cover and hinged from the barrel trunnion, pivoting forward when opened. Both the gas tube and handguard are also of a new type and are shorter than the analogous parts in the AKS-74.



AK-105

This is the shortened, carbine version of the AK-74M. It is chambered for 5.45 Russian ammunition, and features a 12 inch barrel and the same muzzle device as the AKS-74U, designed to help the weapon cycle.



5.56 NATO rifles/carbines

AK-101

This rifle is chambered in 5.56 NATO. It features most of the upgrades available on the AK-74 and AK-74M. The rear and front trunnions have been redesigned, the handguards now have a heat shield inside, and the AK-101 has an optical plate on the side for installation of Russian and European AK optics. This rifle is the export version of the AK-74M, and production of this rifle started in 1990.



AK-102

This rifle is a 5.56 NATO version of the AK-105, and a compact, carbine variant of the AK-101. It features a 12 inch barrel and the same muzzle device as the AKS-74U, designed to help the weapon cycle.



Export variant of the RPK-74M. This weapon has the same features as the RPK-74M, and is chambered in 5.56 NATO.



AK-107/AK-108

AK-107 with grenade launcher

Unlike the other AK variants, the "AK" in this weapon's designation stands for "Aleksandrov/Kalashnikov". It features the "Balanced Automatic Recoil System", derived from that of the AL-7; the gas from the fired cartridge moves the piston rod attached to the bolt carrier, and it also moves another piston in another gas chamber, which moves the opposite direction, reducing the effect of recoil. The cyclic rate for this weapon is significantly higher than other AKs, at 850-900 rounds per minute. The overall design is very similar to the AL-7 prototypes.

This rifle features a 3-round burst in addition to the semi-automatic and full automatic modes of fire.



Ak108

5.56 NATO variant of the AK-107, but with a more efficient and stronger material than its predecessor.



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