Captain Vladimir Grigorevitch Fedorov (Russian: Владимир Григорьевич Фёдоров, alternately anglicized as Vladimir Grigoryevich Fyodorov) was a Russian military officer and firearms designer.
Vladimir Fedorov was born in 1874 in St. Petersburg. He came from a military family and enrolled at the Artillery Academy at the age of 22, graduating in 1900. Five years later, he designed a self-loading rifle prototype, which was trialed against the similar Roshchepei rifle in 1905. For his efforts in the engineering field, he was awarded a senior position at the Sestroretsk arms plant, where he oversaw the production of Maxim guns, and developed a selective-fire modification of his rifle, which became known as the Fedorov Avtomat. 3,000 Avtomat rifles were produced and issued in limited numbers to during World War I and the Russian Civil War. While at Sestroretsk, he took on an apprentice, Vasily Degtyaryov.
During the October Revolution of 1917 and subsequent Civil War, Fedorov sided with the new Soviet government and retained his position in the Army. The Red Army ordered 9,000 Avtomat rifles in 1919, but due to the contemporary economic situation, the order could not be delivered and was subsequently cancelled. In 1924, Fedorov was made Chief of Design at the state-owned Kovrov Arsenal, where he worked on machine guns. He retired in 1933, but retained a part-time advisory role at Kovrov and the Artillery Academy.
During World War II, Fedorov was recalled to military service and was assigned a position at the Ministry of Armaments. He finally retired for good in 1953 and in his old age, he authored numerous books and articles about small arms design. He died in Moscow in 1966.