The Winchester Model 42 was an American pump-action shotgun designed by William Roemer in 1932 and produced by the Winchester Repeating Arms Company from 1933 to 1963. Essentially a scaled down Model 12, the Model 42 was the first shotgun chambered specifically for the .410 bore cartridge.
Designed in 1932 by Winchester's chief designer William Roemer, the Model 42 was the first shotgun designed to use the .410 bore cartridge. The weapon was introduced during tumultuous times for the company, during the Great Depression. The Model 42 was heavily marketed by John Olin, the then-owner of Winchester.
Marketed as "Everyone's Sweetheart", the Model 42 was advertised as a fast-handling light arm that was good for children or women to use due to its lack of recoil. The Model 42 was moderately successful with some 164,800 produced and was popular with shooters. The Model 42 was discontinued in 1963 along with many other Winchester models in preparation for the 1964 company restructuring.
The Model 42 is essentially a scaled down Model 12, and as such functions very similarly.
The Model 42 has five known configurations: Standard, Deluxe, Trap, Skeet and Pigeon. The weapons can also be fitted with a Lyman Cutts compensator as a factory option; these are regarded as rare.