Yevgeny Fyodorovich Dragunov (Russian: Евге́ний Фёдорович Драгуно́в, alternatively anglicized Evgeny Dragunov) was a Soviet firearm designer, best known for designing the Dragunov sniper rifle.
Biography[edit | edit source]
Yevgeny Dragunov was born in February 20, 1920. His birth place is generally cited as the city of Izhevsk, including in Dragunov's own autobiography, but the Russian Military Historical Society (RVIO) instead identified Dragunov's birth place as the city of Votkinsk. Yevgeny Dragunov was born to designer and Communist party worker Fyodor Vladimirovich Dragunov, and Zinaida Konstantinovna Dragunova (née Sokovikova).
In 1934, Dragunov graduated from high school, and entered the Izhevsk Industrial College where he is educated as a technologist. Dragunov also became involved in shooting sports, and was already a shooting instructor by the time he graduated. After graduation, Dragunov worked at the Izhevsk Machine-Building Plant as a technologist.
In 1939, Dragunov was drafted into the Red Army and served in the Far East. He became a senior armorer and served in this position until demobilization in 1945. After the war, Dragunov returned to Izhevsk Machine-Building Plant and became a firearm designer.
From late 1940s to early 1950s, Dragunov designed many competition rifles based on the Mosin-Nagant rifle. In 1958, Dragunov was tasked to design a military semi-automatic rifle. His design was eventually adopted in 1963 as the SVD sniper rifle.
Dragunov died in 1991. His son, Alexei Dragunov, is also a firearm designer.